Fishing & Hunting Tips

How to choose a fishing rod for beginners

Outcomes from this article

  • Parts and terms of fishing rods
  • Rod materials
  • Choosing facts for a fishing rod
  • Best outfit of a fishing rod and reels for a beginner

It can be hardly said the beginning of sports fishing but it’s true that this form of fishing is the most famous form of fishing around the globe.

If you are about to start fishing, let’s just say great decision. You can discover a whole new world and can experience some exciting moment on your fishing career. But let me tell you that a fishing rod is what you need at first.

Before starting all of this, you really need to have some basic idea about how to choose a fishing rod for beginner and with the rod, there’s also come reels and lures. There are a massive variety of fishing rods available in the market which can simply make you confused that which one you should get? Which one is perfect for starting!


The question that can come into your mind –

  • Should I take a short or long rod?
  • Should it be a stiff or flexible one?
  • Which reels are good for starting?
  • Should I get a graphite or fiber or the rod made with both of it?

All this question proves it that choosing the right rod for a beginner is a bit daunting task and can simply puzzled you. But don’t worry, we have all the information that you need to know about fishing rods. After learning about those basic, you can choose the best one all by yourself! So let’s get started!


Before the discussion, let’s learn about all the parts and terms about a fishing rod.

Butt cap: At the very root level, you can see a butt cap made of rubber or cork usually. Sometimes you need to press your rod to your stomach to fight a big fish, that’s why it has a comfortable cork or rubber.

Handle: Now comes the handle, it’s the grip and normally it’s covered with foam or cork. This is where you hold the rod for a casting.

Reel seat: To attach the reel with it, there’s a reel seat. Different types of the rod have different reel mechanism. Most of them have a screw mechanism.

Hook keeper: A place to keep your hook attached. It needs to attach the hook while you are moving, you or someone else can get hurt by the berbel of the hook if it’s unattached.

Butt: It’s the thick part of the of a rod, closest to your handle.

Ferrule: Some rods are really big and difficult to carry or put in the backside of a truck, so there’s the ferrule where you can separate into two pieces. You can join one part with another.


Butt guide: This is the guide closest to the handle end of your rod. Located in the thickest part of the rod.

Guide: To guide the line, there’s ring called guide. The more guide the rod has, you can get more accurate cast. All the expensive rod has generally 1 guide for every inch. ( Ex – a 7-foot rod has 7 guides )

Windings: Windings are nothing but strings that keep attached the guide with the rods.

Tip: tip is the most uppermost part of the rod, it’s the thinnest and most flexible part of a rod.

Tip top: The guide to the very last of the tip. It’s the smallest guide and bares a importance in accurate casting. Be careful with this one while you traveling with your rod, try not to collide it with anything.

That’s all about the parts of a fishing rod. Now, different rods have different purpose or capability and material. Learning about those before buying a rod is pretty important.



It’s the term related to rod flexibility. It’s very important to classify the action of the rod, it refers that how much flexible it is, how much it can bend and where it bends. There are 3 types of action –

  1. Fast action
  2. Medium action
  3. Slow action


Fast action – This kind of rods are stiff and bend from the tip part of the rod.

Medium action – This kind of rods has flexibility in the tip and in the middle part.

Slow action – This rods are the most flexible, bends well into the butt end of the rod.

After knowing about all the parts and terminology of fishing rods now you need to focus on fishing reels which are another important part for sports fishing.

Rod material

There are 3 kinds of rod materials that the rods are made of.


  • Lighter
  • Stiffer
  • sensitive
  • Fragile than fiberglass
  • Expensive then fiberglass


  • Heavier
  • Flexible
  • Difficult to break
  • Less expensive

3.Both graphite and fiberglass

  • Ideal for multiple species of fish
  • Used in Variety of location


Fishing Reels

There are two categories of a fishing reel.

1.Spinning Reels

  1. Spincast
  2. Baitcaster
  3. Spinning

2.Fly Reels

N.B: Fly reels are for fly fishing which is not our concern here, it’s totally a different type of fishing which needs a lot of practices to master in it! Obviously, it’s fun but it’s not what a beginner should start with, that will be frustrating. We don’t discuss fly fishing rods or reels here for that reason. So let me clear this, Not fly fishing rod!


Spinning Reels

Spincast: it’s the spinning reel which has a closed face, all its mechanism is inside the cone. It’s the easiest of all, even a favorite reels for child anglers. To use it, just press the button in the back while casting it and can do forward cast. You can consider this as starting, they are really cheap in price too.

Spinning: This is what I would say the best option for begging level of fishing. It’s a spinning reel just like the previous one but more accurate, more line capacity and much smoother. It’s very famous and really easy to use. Plus, it comes at a really affordable price. Baitcaster reels are something for professionals, bit tough and need a lot of practice to use, moreover they are expensive. So a spinning reel is the best choice for a beginner angler.

Baitcaster: baitcaster reels are the reels for advanced level. It needs some practice to master it. Comes at a greater price than spinning reels. Yes, they have some better ability than spinning reel, it has far better line capacity than a spinning reel and a little lightweight baitcaster has an amazing drag which facts are absent in a spinning reel! It also needs a heavier lure.

Drag: Drag is a term related to reels, it’s the mechanism which allows you to set how much resistance a fish feels when it starts to pull on the line. The tighter you select the drag, more resistant will the fish get? Reels with powerful drag helps to fight big fishes in big game fishing.

N.B: Each reel has a separate and particular rod. Such as, if you want to use a spinning reel, you have to choose a spin cast rod where the reels are attached under the rod.


To choose any fishing rod you need to focus on :

When you decide to get a rod, don’t think about the fish you want to catch. Fishing rods are made from advanced materials now which can serve you to catch most of the fishes. Let’s just think about –

  • What do you need to cast?
  • How far you want to cast?
  • How much weight do you want to cast?
  • Which situation do you want to cast?
  • What type of bait will you use?

Choose a length

Choose the length of the rod first. There is a range of fishing rods from 4 to 14 feet, larger rods have that mechanism to disassemble into several pieces for an easy transformation. Depending on where or in which situation you will be fishing and what are you fishing for you need to know that –

  • You can cast a short distance with shorter ones, also you can use lightweight lures with shorter rods. Shorter ones are perfect for fighting big fishes or in a big game fishing. Because of the length, it’s less sensitive so fish can’t bend it too much and can’t very well with it!
  • Longer rods can cast farther, good for surfcasting. You can cast to a long length standing in a shoreline. Needs heavier lure to cast with it. Also, you need an open and wide space to use these rods, imagine there’s tree above you or not enough space then you can’t cast with a long length rod.

How much weight

The term weight means how much weight the rod can carry? How strong is it? It depends on what lures or baits you want to cast with, is it a heavier or lightweight!

  • The weight is measured by weight of the lure it’s made to cast or the “pound test”. Pound test is nothing but the fishing line weight it’s designed to handle. You will find all the specs in a rod body. We will show that below.

Understanding the action

Remember we discussed the action? What it is and the types of action? Let’s say again that action means how much it can bend and where it bends. There are fast or heavy actions that bend closer to the tip, there are medium actions and there is slow or lighter action which bends closer to the butt of the rod.

  • The fast or heavier action means it has a stiffer backbone, you can fight bass or related other large species. Choosing a slow or lighter action will allow you to catch smaller species of fish.


Deciding the material

As we discussed earlier fishing rods are made of graphite, fiberglass, or a combination of both materials. It may allow you to decide what kind of fishing you want to do, yes it’s true that the advanced technology allows you to catch most of the fishes but to be more particular

  • Graphite rods are lighter and stiffer. The shocking fact is they are more expensive than fiberglass but fragile than a fiberglass rod. Also, they are much more sensitive.
  • Fiberglass is heavier and much more flexible than graphite rods. It’s a difficult task to break them. If you want the flexibility and enjoy the fight with the fish, this is what you need. They are less expensive options.
  • If you want to fish in every location and target multiple species, this both fiberglass and graphite made rods are ideal for you. A real piece of work.


Choose a reel

As you know, there are two kinds of reel beside fly reels, fly reels are not what we are talking about so what left is spinning or spin cast ( just a closed mechanism ) reel and bait caster. With the rod, you also have to choose what kind of reels you want to use.

  • Spinning reels are the perfect match for the beginners, any beginner can hook a fish and land them with a spinning reel, they have an automatic mechanism and really easy to use, also cheaper in price. Need lighter lures to cast.
  • On the other hand, baitcaster is for the experienced anglers, with greater line capacity and drags its a power-packed reel with an extremely lightweight but then again difficult to handle. All the controlling are kind of manual which makes it much complicated to use.


Which place or situation

If the situation is like you travel with your rod, get a rod which can be shortened by its mechanism or you can break it down in several pieces. If there’s not enough room where you go for fishing, consider choosing a short length rod.

Which type of bait you will use

It’s really important to decide which bait you are using. Is it a live bait which can be referred to as casting or you are using lures? If you are casting then you need a sensitive rod by which you will be able to feel each small movement in the water. A lure angler needs a stiffer one to be able to manipulate the rod.


The best beginning fishing outfit for you

Discussing all the facts, now you can choose any fishing rod according to your needs all by yourself. But let’s just recommend the best outfit that can help you to know how to choose a fishing rod for beginners.

  • As a beginner, you can use a 6-7 feet, medium-medium light action, 2 piece graphite rod. For reels, go for Medium to medium-light spinning reel filled with quality 8-pound test monofilament line (get a reel that comes with a spare spool). You can choose the line between 4# and 6# test.
  • If it’s a combo, then you easily get a combo of rod and reel which is balanced already, you can choose a medium-sized combo from there.
  • Don’t choose a fly fishing rod at the very beginning, try also to avoid rods for deep sea fishing or big game fishing at your starting. Don’t waste your money on those expensive rods and reels at the very beginning stage.


Where you find the specifications of the rod and reel

There are specifications in every rod and you will find them between butt end of the rod, near the handle, you will see some specifications printed on the rod. It’s the information about the length of the rod, the rod’s action, and the range of line and lures size they are designed to cast.

This picture of rod specifications above says that it’s a 6 feet long, medium action and made for 6-12 lb line. All rods don’t have this detailed informations, some have less information.

If you look at the specifications above, there are fewer information. You will find the specifications printed on the box and sometimes on the reel.

As you can see in the picture above, there is less information about the reel specifications which refers us that the reel can hold 200 yards of the 6lb test, 140 yards of an 8lb test, and 120 yards of 10lb test.



Getting yourself into nature is always fun and fishing is such a way where we can find us dive deep into it with the ultimate happiness we seek. If you decided to begin fishing, I would say a great move.

All over the article, we tried to capture every detail which can be related to buying a fishing rod, after considering all those facts you can get yourself the best fishing rod you want. It’s true that we tried to enlighten you by sharing our knowledge and experience but the ultimate power is in your hand. It’s your decision now which one you should get for beginning your fishing adventure.

Nicholi Wyto

Hey I'm Nicholi Wyto is a professional sports fisherman and hunter, love to enjoy spending time in Michigan’s rugged northern forests. I love to explore my experience and help others who are interested in fishing and hunting.

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